|Montréal, 19 février 2000 / No 56||
(Source: Statistique Canada)
Le controversé leader autrichien du Parti de la liberté, Joerg Haider, est venu en visite privée à Montréal ces derniers jours, ce qui a permis aux Canadiens de vivre de façon un peu plus directe l'hystérie qui fait rage en Europe depuis la formation d'un nouveau gouvernement de coalition qui inclut ce parti.
Les accusations de
Comme d'habitude, tout le monde s'est contenté de répéter et d'amplifier ce qu'ils ont entendu ailleurs, sans prendre la peine de vérifier ce qu'a vraiment dit Haider et ce que propose son parti. Personne ne l'a lu, personne ne l'a entendu, mais tout le monde a son opinion bien ancrée.
Grâce à une longue entrevue à The Gazette (dont des extraits ont aussi été publiés dans le National Post), nous pouvons maintenant avoir les explications de
Q: When you attended the reunion of Second World War veterans in 1995 and you referred to them as people of good character who stuck to their convictions, what did you mean by that?
Haider: That meeting was originally organized by the son of the mayor of Klagenfurt, the main capital in Carinthia. He had the idea to bring together veterans and former enemies. The Italians came, the Russians came and some Americans. And among the crowd were some former members of the W
My speech was to say that we respect the doings of the older generation. I didn't address the former members of the Waffen SS. I didn't know who was in the audience. I said:
Les camps de
Q: You also made mention of the Nazi concentration camps as
Haider: I gave a speech because there was a bomb attack on several people who died, a letter-bomb attack against an ethnic minority group. And there was a debate in parliament about this bomb attack and I gave a speech and this speech was applauded by all parties and my political opponents ... and one day later they started to complain that I had used a phrase
Les politiques d'emploi de Hitler
Q: You have also referred in 1991 to Hitler's
Haider: First of all it was only one sentence of a debate in the regional parliament. I said the Austrian labour policy was not efficient. It was more efficient in the Third Reich. I made this comparison. Perhaps it was a stupid comparison but we debated one hour about this and both parties said,
Briser le monopole des deux vieux partis
Q: What is your appeal to the younger people?
Haider: The younger people want a change to the political structure. During many years Austria has had only two big main parties and they shared the power. They shared the power and influenced the daily life of the people by forcing people to become members. If someone wanted a job as a doctor in the hospital, as a teacher in school, as a civil servant in a public office, they had to become members of one of those parties. And the younger generation is totally upset about this and we promised that we will reduce the influence of these two parties in your daily lives. We want to bring back freedom and we did it. We started in Carinthia, where we are the government now.
Le libre marché
Q: How are you different from the Conservative Party?
Haider: We are fighting for a free market economy. This means we want to open our economy, which is heavily protected by the state. [The traditional parties] didn't really want to have a free market economy because they wanted to protect their interests, and we have parts of our economy which are totally controlled by the state. We are fighting to open and privatize. We are fighting to reduce the bureaucracy. We promoted the so-called flat tax system. We want to develop tax reform based on flat tax.
Q: In your party program, chapter III is entitled
Haider: I copied it from Clinton, America First. Sure. Austria First and the Contract with Austria are two ideas we took from the States.
Q: Well, what do you mean by Austria First?
Austria First was to be careful with the interests of Austria. We have
entered the European community. We are part of 15 member states and we
have to keep our identity, culture and living conditions. That's what we
want and every member state of the European Union feels in the same way.
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